Fascism was basically Marxism that decided the central agent of history was not the Proletariat forming a dictatorship spontaneously, but was the nation controlled by a vanguard able to embodied the will of the people (because it has to be manifest in a group or individual.) Rendering Fascism a kind of Marxism in which certain aspects were made less crazy, and actually workable (the comparison to modern China and socialism with Chinese characteristics is not without merit.)
Of course, by Fascism, I am referring to 1930’s Italian fascism as it would have been understood then, which means a Mussolini controlled and gate kept intellectual movement based on the Actual Idealism of Giovanni Gentile, and augmented by the additional theory of the likes of Ugo Spirito, and Pannunzio. Let us call this Fascism A, distinguishable from Fascism B which is the communist understanding in which it is an intellectual empty tool of capital, and Fascism C(I) which is the western liberal understanding that it is just the manifestation of violent urges and penis envy or whatever twisted crap pervert western academics applied being the eternal whores to power that they are. It is also distinguishable from Fascism C(II) which is Fascism understood generally by modern fascists as being something like a mix of Hitler, Futurism and Evola – a kind of mirror image of Fascism C(I). This same process can be carried out with almost all political vocabulary, it should really be noted the words only make sense in their respective traditions, and we are not all talking from the same traditions.
Italian Fascism then seems to have done a number of things, firstly, via Gentile, the concept of the individual being prior to society was ejected. Sanity point one. Secondly, the idea of class conflict was rejected as being wrong, and instead a bringing together of capital and labor was sought, which basically translated to the executive doing away with classes by appropriating property to be administer by the government and rejecting the private/ public distinction. Sanity point two. Thirdly, by removing conflict in society, the Fascist were able to control and organise a resource poor country and achieve industrialization by operating it as a large corporation, and if any one of the nations involved in the second world war could be ranked as relatively sane, it would the Italian fascist regime. Sanity point three.
It is notable that all of the major nations operated on similar lines during industrialization processes, which was always everywhere government led – from America to Japan – a complete contradiction of liberal economic nonsense. Free trade is absolutely indefensible Utopian rubbish pushed by cynical actors and naive Utopians.